SQ3R Study Method
The SQ3R Study method (Survey, Question, Read, Recite, and
Review) is recommended as a means to faster reading and improved retention if
the important points in a reading assignment. The five steps are used in the
following way when studying.
- SURVEY: Take a few minutes to glance at the heading to
get an idea of the central ideas discussed. If the selection has a summary
paragraph, read it.
- QUESTION: Make a question out of the topic sentences.
The main points in the section will be those that form the answer to this
- READ: Read the entire section actively searching for the
information that will answer the question.
- RECITE: When you have completed reading the selection,
try to answer the question in you own words without referring to the material.
Write down key phrases. If you cannot answer the question, reread the section.
Repeat steps 2, 3, and 4 for each section in a selection: rephrase each
heading into a question, read the section for the information necessary to
answer the question, recite the answer by jotting down key phrases.
- REVIEW: Review the entire selection by reading over your notes to understand
the relationship between the main points. Cover your notes and try to recall the
points under each heading. Then cover the headings and try to recall them from
This study method should help you to remember the
important points of the reading assignment and also improve your test marks as
the heading turned into questions are likely to be the points stressed on the
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